According to the International Data Corporation (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly Mobile Phone Tracker, global smartphone shipments will face another challenging year in 2019 with volumes forecast to decline 1.9% from 2018.
This will mark the third consecutive year of market contraction driven by highly saturated markets in developed countries and slower churn in some developing economies. IDC expects shipments in the first half of 2019 (1H19) will be down 5.5% compared to 1H18. However, there is some good news: the research group says that the second half of the year should see shipment growth of 1.4% driven by 5G acceleration, a growing selection of lower-priced premium handsets, and on-going uplift from markets like India.
When it comes to Apple, IDC forecasts that 2019 is expected to be another challenging year for new iPhone shipments with volumes expected to drop to 183.5 million, down 12.1% year-over-year. The research group says (correctly, per the Sellers Research Group) that Apple isn’t likely to deliver a 5G handset in 2019, but given that many telcos and markets are still trying to figure out their 5G strategy, it's unlikely this will impact its market share.
Also, it’s worth noting that Apple is beginning to sell more of its official refurbished iPhones, which creates a sizeable hardware revenue stream and, more importantly, maintain or expand its iOS installed base.
IDC thinks Android's smartphone share will increase slightly to 86.7% in 2019 from 85.1% in 2018 mostly due to launches of several new models, including a handful of 5G devices announced or coming to market in 2H19. Volumes are expected to grow at a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.1% with shipments of 1.32 billion in 2023.
While developing markets still have a lot of upsides, some market momentum has been lost as the transition from feature phone to smartphone has started to slow, according to IDC. In all markets, pricing remains a critical decision factor when purchasing a new handset, and this is creating new opportunities for mid-range price points. However, the most significant and most uncertain market factor is how the U.S.-China trade dispute will play out over the year, adds the research group.
"Even without the growing trade tensions between the U.S. and China, the smartphone market has some important challenges that need to be resolved before we see growth again," says Ryan Reith, program vice president with IDC's Worldwide Mobile Device Trackers. "However, the light at the end of the tunnel is getting brighter, and growth seems within reach. The overall growth expected in the second half of this year is inclusive of a 5% decline in China during this time. China should be close to flat growth in 1H20 and return to positive territory in 2H20 as heavy 5G marketing inclusive of device subsidies is imminent."
IDC expects 5G smartphones to experience a slow start in 2019, capturing just 0.5% of total shipments. But the ramp up will be quick across all markets, driving 5G to account for 26.3% of worldwide shipments in 2023, the research group adds.